Results

​​A Painless Cervical Biopsy?

To avoid under-diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) or malignancy, liberal (all 4 quadrant) colposcopic biopsies are recommended. However, pain and traumatic bleeding are powerful demotivators to both the clinician and the patient in...

Where is My Endocervical Component?

The endocervical component in testing or transformation zone (TZ) is an area where the squamous and glandular epithelium meet and is the site of origin for most cervical neoplasia. The TZ may be easily visualized during the clinical examination, or it may be...

The Urgent Threat of Drug-Resistant Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is the second most reported sexually-transmitted bacterial infection in the United States. The CDC estimates that 1.6 million new gonorrhea infections occur each year, and that half of those infections are resistant to at least one antibiotic....

EMB Sampling Devices

Gynecologic cancers account for a significant proportion of deaths and disease in the United States. These include cervical, endometrial/uterine, ovarian, vaginal, and vulvar cancers.  Cervical cancer used to be both the most common gynecologic malignancy...

CDC Reports That STD Rates Remain Far Too High

The CDC reports that sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates have continued to increase during the pandemic, despite the impact of COVID-19. Somewhat paradoxically, there was an initial decline of STD rates during the early months of the pandemic, however,...

The Safety of Personal Lubricant for the Vagina

Personal lubricants (as opposed to procedural lubricants, such as those used by healthcare workers) are widely used intimate care products that minimize friction when applied to the body, including the vagina. By lubricating the vagina during sexual activity...

Gonorrhea Diagnoses: What Do We Know?

Gonorrhea: What do we know? Gonorrhea is common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by infection with the pathogen Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Since 2014, there has been a 63% increase in gonorrhea diagnoses in the United States....

Bacterial Vaginosis: What Do We Know?

The vagina operates at an optimal environment established by the balance of different bacteria. In a healthy vagina, “good” bacteria create an acidic environment that prevents the overgrowth of “bad” or "pathogenic" (disease-causing) bacteria. In some...

Mycoplasma Genitalium: What Do We Know?

Mycoplasma genitalium is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection. Although typically asymptomatic, it may be associated with post-coital bleeding and mucopurulent discharge in women. Individuals engaging in risky sexual behaviors are at a higher risk of...

Chlamydia: What Do We Know?

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by infection with the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It is the most frequently reported infectious disease in the United States with over 2.2 million diagnosed cases in 2020. The majority of infections...